What You Need to Know About Sepsis
Sepsis is the body’s overwhelming and life-threatening response to infection, which can lead to tissue damage, organ failure and death. While we don’t know for sure if anyone is immune to sepsis, it does appear that anyone can get it. Some people are at a higher risk of developing sepsis than others, including the very old, the very young and people who may have other health issues.
Look for the Warning Signs
It’s important to know the warning signs of sepsis. Spotting these symptoms early could prevent the body from entering septic shock, and could save a life.
- Shivering, fever or very cold
- Extreme pain or general discomfort (“worst ever”)
- Pale or discolored skin
- Sleepy, difficult to wake, confused
- “I feel like I might die”
- Shortness of breath
If you suspect sepsis (observe a combination of these symptoms), see your medical professional immediately, CALL 911, or come to Fairfield Medical Center with an advocate and say, “I AM CONCERNED ABOUT SEPSIS.”
Treat Sepsis as an Emergency
Sepsis is caused by an infection, usually associated with an illness (like diabetes or cancer), or an injury (like a cut or a scrape). However, it also can be caused by an infection following a routine surgery or procedure. Nearly all victims of severe sepsis require treatment in an intensive care unit for several days or weeks.
Sepsis should be treated as a medical emergency. In other words, sepsis should be treated as quickly and efficiently as possible as soon as it has been identified. This means rapid administration of antibiotics and fluids. A 2006 study showed that the risk of death from sepsis increases by 7.6% with every hour that passes before treatment begins.
Antibiotics alone won’t treat sepsis; fluids are also needed. The body needs extra fluids to help keep the patient’s blood pressure from dropping dangerously low, throwing the patient into shock. Giving the fluids by IV allows the healthcare staff to track how much fluid is being administered and to control the type of fluid the patient is getting.
Ensuring the body has enough fluids helps the organs do their work and may reduce damage from sepsis.
Follow Infection Prevention Techniques
There are some people who are at higher risk of developing sepsis than others. However, it’s important to keep in mind that sepsis is triggered by an infection somewhere in the body. People who are at a higher risk of contracting infections are also at higher risk of developing sepsis.
If you follow infection prevention techniques (regular hand washing, vaccinations, avoiding people who are ill), and if you treat infections that do occur quickly and seriously, you can reduce your sepsis risk.
Sepsis is frequently the result of an infection, so by treating any infection seriously, you will decrease the chances of developing sepsis. This means:
- Taking antibiotics if prescribed
- Finishing the entire course of antibiotics
- Don’t take antibiotics needlessly to reduce the chances of developing antibiotic-resistant infections
- Frequent and thorough hand washing
- Asking your doctor, nurse, or other healthcare professional to wash their hands if you have not seen them do so
- Ensure that a sterile technique is used for any invasive procedure, like insertion of a urinary catheter or intravenous catheter
- Consult with your doctor about recommended vaccinations
- Get vaccinated for the seasonal flu
- Cough into your elbow, not your hand (to help prevent spreading infection if you are sick)
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle with nutritious food, exercise and rest
- Seek medical help if an illness does not seem to be improving or it is getting worse